Re: Inclusivism - A Concise Bibliography
This is my final post about Billy Graham and inclusivism (actually, I had not planned on writing any of these until I heard of his letter to the editor). I hope that these books, essays, and articles will be helpful in directing you to resources for your personal study. Admittedly so, whenever categories are provided, some level of subjectivity is determinative pertaining to what group I put the work in. Furthermore, some are not in either category because they have either gone both ways or cannot be easily categorized (Millard Erickson and Alister McGrath for example). Anyway, here it is. I will be adding this to my bibliography sidebar (to the right). Enjoy.
Braaten, Carl E. No Other Gospel! Christianity Among the World’s Religions.
Cobb, John B., and Clark H. Pinnock. Searching for an Adequate God: A Dialogue Between Process and Free Will Theists.
Dupuis, Jacques. Toward a Christian Theology of Religious Pluralism.
Edwards, David L. and John R.W. Stott. Essentials: A Liberal-Evangelical Dialogue.
Grenz, Stanley J. Renewing the Center: Evangelical Theology in a Post-Theological Era.
Kung, Hans. Christianity & World Religions: Paths of Dialogue with Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism.
_________. “The World Religions in God’s Plan of Salvation.” In Christian Revelation and World Religions. ed. Josef Neuner.
Kung, Hans, and Jurgen Moltman, eds. Christianity Among World Religions.
Lewis, C.S. Mere Christianity.
Lindbeck, George. The Nature of Doctrine: Religion and Theology in a Postliberal Age.
McDermott, Gerald R. Can Evangelicals Learn from Other World Religions? Downer’s Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2000.
Pannenberg, Wolfhart. “The Reality of God and the Gods in the Experience of Religions.” In vol. 1 of Systematic Theology.
Pinnock, Clark H. A Wideness in God’s Mercy: The Finality of Jesus Christ in a World of Religions.
_________. “Acts : No Other Name Under Heaven” in Through No Fault of Their Own?: The Fate of Those Who Have Never Heard. eds. William V. Crockett and James G. Sigountos, 107-15.
Punt, Neal. Unconditional Good News: Toward an Understanding of Biblical Universalism.
Race, Alan. Christians and Religious Pluralism: Patterns in the Christian Theology of Religions.
Rahner, Karl. Theological Investigations vol. 5: Later Writings.
_________. “Anonymous Christianity and the Missionary Task of the Church.” In vol. 12 of Theological Investigations.
_________. “Anonymous Christians.” In vol. 6 of Theological Investigations.
_________. “Jesus Christ in the Non-Christian Religions.” In vol. 17 of Theological Investigations.
_________. “Observations on the Problem of the ‘Anonymous Christian.’” In vol. 10 of Theological Investigations.
_________. “On the Importance of the Non-Christian Religions for Salvation.” In vol. 18 of Theological Investigations.
_________. “The One Christ and the Universality of Salvation.” In vol. 16. of Theological Investigations.
Sanders, John. No Other Name: An Investigation into the Destiny of the Unevangelized.
_________., ed. What About Those Who Have Never Heard? Three Views on the Destiny of the Unevangelized.
Stackhouse, John G., ed. No Other Gods Before Me? Evangelicals and the Challenge of World Religions.
Stott, John R.W. The Contemporary Christian: Applying God’s Word to Today’s World. Downer’s Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1992.
Tiessen, Terrance L. Irenaeus on the Salvation of the Unevangelized.
_________. Who Can Be Saved? Reassessing Salvation in Christ and World Religions. Downer’s Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2004.
Wright, Chris. The Uniqueness of Jesus.
Yong, Amos. Beyond the Impasse: Toward a Pneumatological Theology of Religions.
Articles for Inclusivism:
D’Costa, Gavin. “Karl Rahner’s Anonymous Christian—A Reappraisal.” Modern Theology 1/2 (January 1985): 131-48.
Fudge, Edward. “How Wide Is God’s Mercy?” Christianity Today 36 (
Grenz, Stanley J. “Commitment and Dialogue: Pannenberg on Christianity and the Religions.” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 26 (Winter 1989): 196-210.
_________. “Toward an Evangelical Theology of Religions.” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 31 (Winter-Spring 1995): 49-65.
Osburn, Evert D. “Those Who Have Never Heard: Have They No Hope?” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 32/3 (September 1989): 367-72.
Yong, Amos. “Whither Theological Inclusivism? The Development and Critique of an Evangelical Theology of Religions.” Evangelical Quarterly 71/4 (October 1999): 349-57.
Pinnock, Clark H. “Toward An Evangelical Theology of Religions.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 33/3 (September 1990): 359-68.
_________ “Why Is Jesus the Only Way?: No Other Way, Truth or Life Open to God.” Eternity 27/12 (1976): 12-34.
Sanders, John. “Is Belief in Christ Necessary for Salvation?” Evangelical Quarterly 60 (July 1988): 241-59.
Books/Essays Against Inclusivism:
Carson, D.A. The Gagging of God: Christianity Confronts Pluralism.
Fernando, Ajith. The Supremacy of Christ.
Geivett, R. Douglass and Clark Pinnock. “‘Misgivings’ and ‘Openness’: A Dialogue on Inclusivism Between R. Douglass Geivett and Clark Pinnock.” In Who Will Be Saved?: Defending the Biblical Understanding of God, Salvation, & Evangelism. edited by Paul R. House and Gregory A. Thornbury, 111-28.
Henry, Carl F.H. “Is It Fair?” in Through No Fault of Their Own? The Fate of Those Who Have Never Heard. eds. William V. Crockett and James G. Sigountos, 245-56.
House, Paul R. and Gregory A. Thornbury eds. Who Will Be Saved?: Defending the Biblical Understanding of God, Salvation, and Evangelism.
House, Paul R, Timothy George, Carl F.H. Henry, D.A. Carson, Scott Hafemann, and C. Ben Mitchell. “Forum Discussion on Inclusivism.” In Who Will Be Saved?: Defending the Biblical Understanding of God, Salvation, & Evangelism. edited by Paul R. House and Gregory A. Thornbury, 145-62.
Moo, Douglas. “Romans 2: Saved Apart from the Gospel?” in Through No Fault of Their Own?: The Fate of Those Who Have Never Heard. eds. William V. Crockett and James G. Sigountos, 137-45.
Nash, Ronald H. Is Jesus the Only Savior?
Noll, Mark A. and David F. Wells. Christian Faith and Practice in the Modern World: Theology from an Evangelist Point of View.
Okholm, Dennis L. and Timothy R. Phillips, eds. Four Views on Salvation in a Pluralistic World.
Piper, John. Let the Nations Be Glad!: The Supremacy of God in Missions.
Plantinga, Alvin. “A Defense of Religious Exclusivism,” in Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology, 2nd ed. Louis Pojman ed.
Ramesh, Richard P. The Population of Heaven.
Ryken, Phillip Graham. Is Jesus the Only Way?
Sanders, J. Oswald. What of the Unevangelized?
Strange, Daniel. The Possibility of Salvation Among the Unevangelized: An Analysis of Inclusivism in Recent Evangelical Theology.
Bavinck, J.H. The Church Between the
Crockett, William V. and James G. Sigountos, eds. Through No Fault of Their Own? The Fate of Those Who Have Never Heard.
Erickson, Millard J. How Shall They Be Saved? The Destiny of Those Who Do Not Hear of Jesus.
Jones, Hywel R. Only One Way: Do You Have to Believe in Christ to be Saved?
Jonsson, John H. Vatican II and World Religions.
Karkkainen, Veli-Matti. An Introduction to the Theology of Religions: Biblical, Historical, & Contemporary Perspectives. Downer’s Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2003.
Neill, Stephen. Christian Faith and Other Faiths: The Christian Dialogue with Other Religions.
Newbigin, Lesslie. The Gospel in a Pluralist Society.
Shenk, Calvin E. Who Do You Say That I Am?: Christians Encounter Other Religions.
Ashcraft, Morris. “The Finality of Christ and the World Religions.” Southwestern Journal of Theology 21/2 (Spring 1979): 23-39.
Blue, J. Ronald. “Untold Billions: Are They Really Lost?” Bibliotheca Sacra 138/52 (Oct-Dec 1981): 338-50.
Brown, Harold. “How Crowded Will Hell Be?” Christianity Today 36/10 (
Erickson, Millard J. “Hope for Those Who Have Never Heard? Yes, But . . . .” Evangelical Missions Quarterly 11/2 (April 1975): 122.
_________. “The Destiny of the Unevangelised.” Bibliotheca Sacra. 152 (January-March 1995): 3-15; 152 (April-June 1995): 113-44; 152 (July-September 1995): 259-72.
Ferrante, Joseph. “The Final Destiny of Those Who Have Not Heard the Gospel.” Trinity Studies 1/1 (Fall 1971): 55-62.
McWilliams, Warren. “Spirit Christology and Inclusivism: Clark Pinnock’s Evangelical Theology of Religions.” Perspectives in Religious Studies 24 (Fall 1997): 325-36.
Reichenbach, Bruce R. “Inclusivism and the Atonement.” Faith and Philosophy 16/1 (January 1999): 43-54.
Richard, Ramesh P. “Soteriological Inclusivism and Dispensationalism.” Bibliotheca Sacra 151 (January-March 1994): 85-108.
Wright, Christopher J.H. “The Christian and Other Religions: The Biblical Evidence.” Themelios 9/2 (January 1984): 4-15.
Note: Future Bibliographies in the works include: Universalism and Hell, John Hick/Pluralism, David F. Wells, and Billy Graham's Theology of Evangelism and Conversion.